WEEE (Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment) European collection system has been introduced by Directive 2002/96/EC which asked member states to start specific initiative in order to achieve significant collection targets. Results are quite different from country to country: e.g. the collection index varies from Eire’s 9 kilograms collected per capita to Spain’s 4 kg per inhabitant (data 2010).
These initial results, even though encouraging, don’t represent a significant target. This is also confirmed by the recent issue of the new European Directive 2012/19/UE - 4 July 2012 that responsibly introduces a number of innovations to reach more ambitious recycling targets and establishes new obligations to retailers. Particular attention is dedicated to small equipment (below 50 cm in size) whose collection rate is far lower than other WEEE categories.
So, the latest European directive pushes for the creation of a new collection and logistic model: a system that minimizes service costs and organizes the offer in a stable and systematic way.
The main objective of WEEENMODELS project is to demonstrate that through the application of an efficient logistic system and the central coordination of WEEE collection services it is possible to reach and even to exceed the WEEE targets defined by European Directive 2012/19/UE.
Thanks to the Project implementation it will be possible:
- to realize a beneficial effect on environment, reducing the risk of illegal or not proper disposal of highly toxic substances;
- to create more synergies in the waste management cycle between private and public entities, as well as the end users (the citizens);
- to increase the knowledge about these themes through a creation of new "experts" placed at retailers and able to identify the possible residual life cycle of EEE;
- to stimulate a positive socio-economic impact through the development of new markets linked to the objects and still useful materials reuse.
The project proposes a new model of WEEE reverse logistics, in order to optimize a segment of the process (WEEE take back and transport to collection centers) which today is not efficient nor effective.
The main components of the new logistic systems are the following:
- stakeholders direct involvement in the definition of the new logistic model;
- realization of an Information and Communication software platform, that will allow all the process’s actors to collaborate in the WEEE take back flow;
- realization of an innovative logistic network for small WEEE collection;
- realization of a new city collection center;
- creation of a procedure for the identification of disused EE equipment that can be returned into productive cycle, avoiding their disposal as waste;
- communication initiatives (information and awareness-raising activities of different categories of
LIFE 12 ENV IT 001058 "Weeenmodels"
With the contribution of the LIFE financial instrument of the European Union